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Asmeskas cov neeg siv khoom saib xyuas: Cov tsheb tsav tus kheej tsis tuaj yeem tsav lawv tus kheej

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Cov Neeg Saib Xyuas Tsheb tsis muaj kev nyab xeeb rau kev siv rau hauv cov kev tsheb rau cov neeg siv Consumer Watchdog qhia rau US Senate hnub no, ua rau nws tau ceeb toom ntawm kev txheeb xyuas cov ntaub ntawv xav tau los ntawm cov tuam txhab sim cov neeg hlau tsheb hauv California thiab tau hu rau cov neeg sawv cev pej xeem los nres ib daim nqi uas yuav tso cai rau neeg siv tsheb hauv tsheb txoj kev.

Lub Senate tau xav txog daim nqi kho tsheb neeg hlau, AV Pib Txoj Cai, S. 1885, uas tau pom zoo los ntawm Kev Lag Luam, Kev Tshawb Fawb, thiab Tsheb Thauj Kev Tshawb Fawb xyoo tas los. Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-CA, tau tuav txoj cai lij choj vim tias nws txhawj xeeb txog kev nyab xeeb ntawm cov tsheb neeg hlau thiab seb lub thev naus laus zis tau npaj rau pej xeem kev.

Hauv tsab ntawv qhib rau Senators, John M. Simpson, Tus Thawj Saib Xyuas Cov Ntaub Ntawv Ntiag Tug thiab Technology thiab Sahiba Sindhu, Tus Kws Pabcuam Cov Neeg Siv Khoom, tau ceeb toom rau cov senators tias cov thev naus laus zis tsis tau npaj rau qhov kev nyab xeeb.

"Nws yuav yog ib qho kev hem thawj rau pej xeem rau Senate tau tso cai rau kev xa tawm cov tsheb hlau tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv uas yuav tsum tau ntawv pov thawj ntawm cov tsheb thaum kuaj pom tias lub xeev thev naus laus zis ua rau pej xeem pom yog tias tib neeg tsav tsheb tsis tuaj yeem tuav tau lub tsheb," lawv sau tau.

The California reports revealed that robot cars tested could not cope when faced with the task of making some decisions humans make every day when they drive. Among the failures that required the human test driver to take control:

• GPS teeb liab tsis ua hauj lwm,
• luv dua-nruab nrab daj teeb,
• Kev hloov pauv sai hauv kev tsheb,
• muaj kev thaiv txojkev uas ib txwm taug kev,
• cov tsheb nres tsis ncaj ze
• kho vajtse tsis ua haujlwm
• software tsis ua haujlwm

“Peb yuav tsum xyuas kom meej tias lub tsheb tsav tus kheej muaj peev xwm tuaj yeem tsav lawv tus kheej ua ntej peb muab tso rau hauv kev tsheb rau pej xeem. Dab tsi ua rau lub tsheb tsav nws tus kheej dua li kev xav ntawm lub tuam txhab tsim tsheb nyiam muag lawv cov khoom? Kev cai lij choj yuav tsum tau tiv thaiv pej xeem los ntawm kev tsim qauv qauv uas tau lees tias cov tsheb tshiab ntawm txoj kev tuaj yeem ua tau raws li lawv lub peev xwm, "said Simpson thiab Sindhu hauv lawv tsab ntawv xa mus rau Senate.

Nees nkaum lub tuam txhab tso tawm tsuas yog cov ntaub ntawv tshaj tawm txog lub xeev ntawm cov cuab yeej siv tsheb thev naus laus zis mus rau California Lub Chaw Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Tsheb. Cov lus ceeb toom "tshaj tawm tsis zoo" tso tawm lub lim tiam dhau los pom tias qhov tsav tsheb tsav tus kheej tsis tuaj yeem mus ntau dua 5,596 mais hauv qhov xwm txheej zoo tshaj plaws yog tsis muaj tib neeg tsav tsheb twv tsav ntawm lub log. Feem ntau, cov tsheb tsis tuaj yeem mus ntau dua ob peb puas mais yam tsis tas yuav muaj kev cuam tshuam nrog tib neeg, Consumer Watchdog sau tseg.

Raws li nws cov kev tshuaj ntsuam ntawm cov ntaub ntawv qhia txog kev tsis txaus siab, cov koomhaum pab pej xeem, cov koomhaum pabcuam tsis txaus siab tau hu rau lub Senate kom tsis txhob muaj AV START Act:

"Consumer Watchdog hu rau koj kom ua los tiv thaiv kev nyab xeeb kev loj thiab nres AV START Act, S. 1885, tshwj tsis yog hloov kho kom yuav tsum tau tswj cov qauv kev nyab xeeb uas siv tshwj xeeb rau kev siv thev naus laus zis. Txog tam sim no, muab lub xeev ntawm thev naus laus zis raws li qhia los ntawm cov neeg tsim kho lawv tus kheej, txhua txoj cai AV yuav tsum muaj tib neeg tsav tsheb tom qab lub kauj tsheb muaj peev xwm tswj tau. "

Consumer Watchdog tau hu rau "kev saib xyuas kom zoo, cov qauv ntsuas kev ua haujlwm, thiab cov txheej txheem kev lees paub uas lub thev naus laus zis yuav tsis ua rau pej xeem yog tias tus neeg tsav tsheb tsis tuaj yeem siv lub tsheb tsav ntawm tus kheej."

Nees nkaum lub tuam txhab uas muaj kev tso cai sim kuaj cov tsheb hlau hauv California tau yuam ua "cov ntaub ntawv qhia txog kev tsis txaus siab", suav txog xyoo 2017 teev cov mais uas tau tsav nyob rau hauv hom kev tsav tsheb thiab tus naj npawb ntawm cov thev naus laus zis thev naus laus zis tsis tiav. Cov ntawv ceeb toom tau tshaj tawm lub lim tiam dhau los. Cuaj ntawm cov tuam txhab ntawd, suav nrog Waymo (lub chaw haujlwm ntawm Google lub tuam txhab leej niam) thiab GM Cruise, muab cov ntaub ntawv tshwj xeeb qhia txog vim li cas lawv cov cuab yeej technology tsis ua tiav.

Waymo tau hais tias nws lub tshuab siv neeg hlau lub tsheb tau tsim kev tsis sib haum xeeb txog 63 zaug, lossis ib zaug txhua 5,596 mais vim qhov tsis zoo ntawm cov thev naus laus zis thiab tsis "muaj xwm txheej ntxiv" xws li huab cua, kev tsim kho, lossis cov khoom tsis tau xav txog, raws li ib txwm xav. Cov laj thawj feem ntau yog vim li cas tib neeg sim cov tsav tsheb yuav tsum tswj hwm lub tsheb tsheb neeg tsis txaus ntseeg ntawm cov khoom siv, software thiab kev nkag siab, Waymo tsab ntawv ceeb toom tau hais.

GM’s Cruise division, which claims it will put robot cars on the road for public use in 2019, logged the second-most miles of the companies that were required to report on their testing. Its cars drove, a total of 131,675 miles and had 105 disengagements or one every 1,254 miles.

GM Cruise tsab ntawv tshaj tawm tau tshaj tawm tias nws lub tsheb neeg hlau tsis tuaj yeem kwv yees tus cwj pwm ntawm tib neeg tsav tsheb, raws li 44 ntawm 105 kev tsis sib haum (txog 40%) uas tus tsav tsheb tswj tau yog cov teeb meem uas GM Cruise lub thev naus laus zis tsis zoo thaum sim los teb rau lwm tus tsav ntawm txoj kev.

Tag nrho lwm cov tuam txhab uas tau tso tawm cov ntaub ntawv tshwj xeeb hais txog vim li cas rau qhov tsis haum, suav nrog Nissan thiab Drive.ai, thev naus laus zis pib koom tes nrog Lyft, paub tseeb Waymo thiab GM Cruise qhov kev paub dhau los. Nissan tau hais tias nws tau sim tsib lub tsheb, nkag 5007 mais thiab muaj 24 cuam tshuam. Lub caij no, Drive.ai muaj 151 qhov cuam tshuam nyob hauv 6,572 mais kev lag.

Consumer Watchdog tsab ntawv hais tias:

"Lub hom phiaj tau raug lees paub ntawm S. 1885 yog txhawm rau txhim kho txoj kev loj hauv kev nyab xeeb los ntawm kev xa tawm ntawm Kev Siv Tsheb Loj (HAV) thev naus laus zis. Lub Rooj Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Lag Luam Pawg Tuam Thawj Fwm John Thune tau hais tias 'kev nyab xeeb ... cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev tsav tsheb ntawm tus kheej yog qhov tseem ceeb ua rau ncua sijhawm.' Txawm li cas los, qhov tseeb qhia tau hais tias cov tsheb no tuaj yeem cuam tshuam txog kev pheej hmoo rau pej xeem ntau dua li kev nyab xeeb ntiag tug AV technology tuam txhab lag luam tau lees paub tsis zoo rau pej xeem. "