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Tsev Neeg Keeb Kwm: Shelton Hotel New York Taw Qhia Txoj Kev Yav Tom Ntej

Shelton Hotel

Ob peb skyscrapers tau zoo li 1924 Shelton Hotel ntawm Lexington Avenue thiab 49th Street, tam sim no New York Marriott East Side.

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  1. Cov neeg thuam tau pom zoo tias nws lub ntsej muag 35-zaj dab neeg lub ntsej muag thiab qhov tsim tsis zoo rov qab qhia txoj hauv kev rau yav tom ntej rau lub skyscraper.
  2. The Shelton tau tsim los ntawm tus tsim lub tsev muaj lub siab xav tsim kho James T. Lee, uas tseem yog lub luag haujlwm rau ob lub tsev zoo nkauj: 998 Fifth Avenue ntawm 1912 thiab 740 Park Avenue ntawm 1930.
  3. Nws yog tus yawg ntawm Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, yug Jacqueline Lee Bouvier.

Mr. Lee lub zeem muag yog 1,200-chav tsev so tsev so tsev so nrog cov yam ntxwv sib xws: pas dej da dej, lub tsev hais plaub squash, chav billiard, chav solarium thiab chaw kho mob. Lub New York ntiaj teb nyob rau hauv 1923 yuav lav hais tias cov Shelton yuav siab tshaj thaj tsev nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no.

Cov kws kes duab vajtse, Arthur Loomis Harmon, npog lub loj nrog cov lus daj-tan cib, roughened li yog centuries qub, thiab coj los ntawm Romanesque, Byzantine, thaum ntxov Christian, Lombard thiab lwm tus yeej. Tab sis cov neeg thuam tau zoo siab tias nws rov nco txog "tsis muaj cov qauv txheej txheem yav dhau los," raws li tus kws hu nkauj Hugh Ferriss muab tso rau hauv Christian Science Monitor hauv 1923.

Shelton yog ib lub tsev qub uas tau siv nws daim ntawv los ntawm 1916 txoj cai zoning uas xav kom poob qis ntawm qee qhov siab kom ntseeg tau lub teeb thiab cua mus rau txoj kev. Qhov ntawd ua rau nws txawv heev los ntawm lub tsev so boxy siab uas tau tsim ua ntej kev hloov pauv zoning, zoo li 1919 Hotel Pennsylvania, rov qab rau Pennsylvania Station.

Helen Bullitt Lowry thiab William Carter Halbert tau hais hauv "The New York Times hauv 1924." Tus neeg thuam Lewis Mumford, ib txwm ua rau muaj kev qhuas, hu nws "buoyant, mobile, serene, like a Zeppelin under a ntuj ntshiab ”hauv phau ntawv xov xwm Commonweal xyoo 1926.

Kev tsim lub zeem muag muaj nws cov kev txwv, txawm li cas los xij, thiab Mr. Harmon sab hauv zoo li tsis txawv me ntsis ntawm lwm lub tsev so loj nyob rau lub sijhawm: cov rooj noj mov zoo kawg nkaus, chav noj mov nrog lub qab nthab ci thiab txoj hauv kev loj hauv qhov taub. Ib feem peb ntawm cov chav tau sib koom da dej, uas yuav tsum muaj teeb meem thaum xyoo 1924, thaum Shelton thim nws txoj cai txiv neej nkaus xwb. Ib lub tsev qiv ntawv siab tau khiav ncig lub pas dej hauv qab, uas tau dai kom zoo nkauj nrog cov nplais polychromed.

Los ntawm xyoo 1925 txog 1929, Georgia O'Keeffe nyob rau ntawm chav tsev 30 ntawm Shelton Hotel nrog nws tus txiv, tus kws yees duab Alfred Stieglitz. Nrog rau cov tau kos ntawm lub Hotel Chelsea, nws yog ib qho nyuaj rau xav seb lwm New York City lub tsev so uas yog muaj xws li ib tug nyhuv no: ntawm ib tug artist, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog ib lub tsev so koj twb zaum yeej tsis hnov ​​txog.

Ntauwd hla Lexington Avenue ntawm 48th thiab 49th Txoj Kev, 31-zaj dab neeg, 1,200-chav tsev Shelton Hotel tau raug qhuas tias yog lub tsev siab tshaj plaws nyob hauv lub ntiaj teb thaum nws qhib xyoo 1923. Tsis yog nws siab xwb, nws yog qhov tsis tshua muaj neeg pom-lub tsev nyob zoo nkauj rau cov txiv neej nrog txoj kev bowling, cov rooj ntaus pob tesniv, lub tsev hais plaub squash, khw txiav plaub hau thiab pas dej da.

Dab tsi yog qhov tsis ntseeg yog lub tsev tsim lub ntsiab lus tseem ceeb. Nrog rau qhov txaus nyiam ob-zaj dab neeg limestone puag thiab peb lub cib nyom poob qis nce mus rau ib lub hauv paus pej thuam, Shelton tau tsim kho tshiab. Cov neeg thuam pom tias nws yog thawj lub tsev kom ua tiav 1916 qhov kev xav tau ntawm thaj chaw uas tau hais tseg kom rov qab ua kom lub skyscrapers dhau los ua qhov muag pom qhov muag.

Lub Tuam Tsev Lub Tebchaws yog ib lub tsev uas Shelton cuam tshuam. Thaum lig li xyoo 1977, New York Times tus kws tshaj lij thuam Ada Louse Huxtable tshaj tawm lub tsev so "thaj av New York skyscraper."

O'Keeffe yuav tsis tau nug rau ib tug ntau agreeably situated studio. Los ntawm nws lub tsev cua, nws nyiam qhov tsis muaj qhov txwv, noog qhov muag pom ntawm tus dej thiab lub nroog loj hlob qoob loo ntawm skyscrapers. Zoo li Charles Demuth, Charles Sheeler thiab lwm tus kws ua yeeb yam ntawm nws lub sijhawm, O'Keeffe tau nyiam los ntawm skyscrapers ua lub cim ntawm kev niaj hnub hauv nroog, lub hauv paus ntsiab lus ntawm Precisionism, Tom Qab Tsov Rog Ntiaj Teb Zaum Kawg cov txuj ci niaj hnub uas ua kev zoo siab rau Asmeskas qhov kev hloov pauv tshiab ntawm cov choj , factories thiab skyscrapers.

Ua kom ntseeg tau hauv nws Shelton perch, O'Keeffe tsim tsawg kawg 25 daim duab thiab kos duab ntawm skyscrapers thiab toj roob hauv pes. Ntawm nws qhov kev paub zoo tshaj yog "Radiator Building -Night, New York," kev ua koob tsheej zoo ntawm lub tsev teev ntuj skyscraper mystique - thiab lub cim dub thiab kub American Radiator Building tam sim no hu ua Bryant Park Hotel.

Arthur Loomis Harmon, tus kws kes duab vajtse ntawm Shelton, tau mus pab tsim qauv Lub Tsev Xeev Empire. (Nws kuj tsim Allerton House, lub tsev zoo nkauj xyoo 1916 New York nyob hauv tsev so).

Tab sis Shelton lub koob npe nrov tau tua lub ntuj siab tom qab mus ntsib hauv qab da dej hauv xyoo 1926 los ntawm tus kws kos duab Harry Houdini. Muab ntim rau hauv lub thawv cua zoo, lub hleb zoo li lub thawv (txawm hais tias ib lub tshuab muaj xov tooj thaum muaj xwm txheej ceev), Houdini tau nqes mus rau hauv pas dej uas nws tso dej rau ib teev thiab ib nrab. Nws tau tshwm sim raws sijhawm, nkees tab sis muaj txoj sia nyob. "Leej twg yuav ua li cas nws," nws hais rau Lub New York Times.

Txawm hais tias nws muaj keeb kwm muaj xim zoo nkauj thiab lub tsev tsis sib xws, Lub Shelton, zoo li yuav luag txhua lub tsev so laus tau poob los ntawm kev nyiam. Tsuas muaj 11 tus neeg nyob puv sijhawm nyob rau nruab nrab xyoo 1970s. Nyob rau hauv 1978 nws tau los ua tus Halloran ntawm lub kaw cov cuab yeej. Nws ntiav Stephen B. Jacobs los hloov kho sab hauv, txo cov chav rau 650.

Los ntawm 2007 nws tau muaj los ntawm cov Morgan Stanley uas cev lag luam mus rau lub Marriott tuam txhab.

Lub tsev tsim vaj tsev thiab kev tsim vaj tsev Superstructures muaj phiaj xwm loj ntawm kev kho sab nrauv raws txoj hauv kev. Richard Moses, tus kws kho vajtse saib xyuas txoj haujlwm, hais tias Mr. Harmon cov ntsiab lus siab, suav nrog lub taub hau, lub qhov ncauj qhov ntswg, griffins thiab gargoyles, feem ntau zoo li qub, txawm hais tias ob peb yam uas tau raug ntaus tshwj xeeb los ntawm cov ntsiab lus tau hloov.

Yawg Mauxes hais tias Mr. Harmon ua rau phab ntsa ntshiv me ntsis, kom Shelton muaj zog dua. Cov txiaj ntsig, tsis tshua pom pom qhov siab siab, yog pom tseeb ntawm qib av.

Thawj sab hauv ntawm lub tsev so xyoo 1924 tau poob mus rau qhov tawg, zoo li tus ntaiv ntaiv mus rau sab xis ntawm lub chaw tos txais loj. Lub taub cov tsev hais plaub yog ploj mus; nyob rau hauv lawv qhov chaw no yog ib ce muaj zog chav tsev nyob rau hauv lub 35th pem teb nrog spectacular views tag nrho cov kev hloov. Lub tsev so tau lub npe hu cov chav tom qab Arthur Loomis Harmon, Alfred Stieglitz thiab Georgia O'Keeffe.

Stanley Turkel: XNUMX Lab tus kiv cua tos koj rau Webtalk! tau raug xaiv los ua 2020 Tus Tuav Haujlwm Keeb Kwm ntawm Xyoo los ntawm keeb kwm tsev so ntawm Tebchaws Asmeskas, qhov kev tshaj lij nom tswv ntawm National Trust for Historic Preservation, uas yav dhau los nws tau teev npe rau xyoo 2015 thiab 2014. Turkel yog tus pab tswv yim tshaj plaws hauv tsev so hauv Tebchaws Meskas. Nws ua haujlwm nws cov kev tawm tswv yim hauv tsev so ua ib tus kws tshaj lij ua pov thawj hauv tsev so, muaj kev tswj cov cuab yeej thiab tsev so kev sib tham. Nws muaj ntawv pov thawj los ua Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus los ntawm Lub Tsev Kawm Txuj Ci ntawm Tebchaws Asmeskas Hotel thiab Lodging Association. [email tiv thaiv] 917-628-8549

Nws phau ntawv tshiab “Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2” twb nyuam qhuav raug tshaj tawm.

Lwm cov Ntawv Tshaj Tawm Tsev So:

• Cov Neeg Asmeskas Tsev So Zoo Tshaj Plaws: Pioneer ntawm Kev Lag Luam Hotel (2009)

• Ua Kom Kawg: 100+ Xyoo Qub Chaw Nyob Hauv New York (2011)

• Ua Kom Kawg: 100+ Xyoo Qub Chaw So Sab Hnub Tuaj ntawm Mississippi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar of the Waldorf (2014)

• Great American Hoteliers Volume 2: Pioneer ntawm Kev Lag Luam Hotel (2016)

• Ua Kom Kawg: 100+ Xyoo-Tsev So Qub Hnub Qub ntawm Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Great American Hotel Architects Volume I (2019)

• Hotel Mavens: Ntu 3: Bob thiab Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Txhua phau ntawv no tuaj yeem xaj los ntawm AuthorHouse los ntawm kev mus saib stanleyturkel.com  thiab nyem rau ntawm phau ntawv lub npe.

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