Nyem rau qhov no yog qhov no yog koj tshaj tawm!

Cov koob txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv COVID tam sim no khiav qis: Tej zaum yuav muaj kev phom sij rau kev txhaj tshuaj

sau los ntawm editor

Nws tau kwv yees tias muaj kev lag luam thoob ntiaj teb sib txawv ntawm 1.2 billion autodisable (AD) koob txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kev nyab xeeb rau kev xa tshuaj tiv thaiv COVID-19. Qhov kev sib txawv ntawm qhov kev pheej hmoo no dhau los ua lub hauv paus caj dab uas tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev hem thawj rau kev xa cov tshuaj tiv thaiv raws sijhawm hauv ib nrab ntawm lub tebchaws hauv ntiaj teb.

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Thaum Lub Kaum Ib Hlis 11, PATH thiab United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) tau tuav lub Ntiaj Teb Kev Tiv Thaiv Kab Mob Khaus Viv-19 Kev Lag Luam Kev Lag Luam Convening coj ntau tshaj li ob lub kaum os ntawm lub ntiaj teb cov tuam txhab tshuaj txhaj tshuaj thiab ntau lub koom haum los pab txhawb kom muaj kev pom tseeb nyob ib puag ncig AD syringe kev lag luam los pab. txhawb nqa cov tshuaj tiv thaiv COVID-19 nrog rau kev txhaj tshuaj txhua hnub. Cov neeg tsim khoom tau lees paub qhov tseem ceeb thoob ntiaj teb AD syringe muab cov kev cov nyom los ntawm qhov kawg ntawm 2021 txog rau nruab nrab-2022, txawm hais tias peb zaug lawv cov kev tsim khoom thiab kev siv zog los ntawm ntau lub koom haum kom ruaj ntseg AD syringe ntxiv rau cov teb chaws tau nyiaj tsawg thiab nruab nrab uas xav tau lawv.

Qhov kev xav tau nce siab hauv qhov kev thov rau cov koob txhaj tshuaj rau COVID-19 cov tshuaj tiv thaiv, kwv yees kom tag nrho ntau dua 4 billion txij thaum kawg ntawm 2021 txog rau nruab nrab-2022, yog vim qhov kev cia siab tias yuav nce ntxiv hauv COVID-19 cov tshuaj tiv thaiv xa mus rau cov teb chaws los ntawm COVAX, loj. nyiaj pub dawb los ntawm tsoom fwv, thiab ob tog deals. Raws li cov khoom siv thoob ntiaj teb thiab kev thov cov ntaub ntawv, PATH qauv kwv yees qhov sib txawv thoob ntiaj teb ntawm 1.2 billion AD syringes.

Kev pheej hmoo rau cov tshuaj txhaj tshuaj xws li kev txwv kev xa tawm hauv lub tebchaws, kev xa khoom qeeb, cov kab tsim khoom tshiab tsis tau txais kev tsim nyog ntawm Lub Koom Haum Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv (WHO) ua ntej, lossis kev ncua sijhawm ua tiav cov phiaj xwm kev tsim khoom tuaj yeem nthuav dav qhov sib txawv mus rau ntau dua 2 billion lub sijhawm no. Booster koob tuaj yeem tsim cov kev xav tau ntxiv ntawm kev ua lag luam.

Kev txhaj tshuaj tsuas yog ua tiav nrog cov koob txhaj tshuaj AD hauv ze li 70 lub tebchaws, thiab 30 lub tebchaws siv lawv rau qee qhov kev txhaj tshuaj. Txij li xyoo 1999, WHO, UNICEF, thiab United Nations Population Fund tau pom zoo kom siv cov koob txhaj tshuaj AD thoob ntiaj teb rau kev txhaj tshuaj vim tias lawv "tam sim no tsawg tshaj plaws ntawm kev kis tus kab mob hauv cov ntshav xws li kab mob siab B lossis HIV" vim AD syringe koob tsis tuaj yeem raug tshem tawm lossis rov siv dua.

Qhov tseem ceeb, tag nrho cov koob txhaj tshuaj AD muab cov koob tshuaj tas, txhais tau hais tias lawv tsuas tuaj yeem sau tus nqi pes tsawg rau ib koob tshuaj tiv thaiv. Feem ntau cov tshuaj tiv thaiv, suav nrog rau ntau qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv menyuam yaus, yog siv 0.5-mL koob tshuaj ntim thiab sib piv AD syringe. Cov teeb meem kev thauj mus los cuam tshuam nrog kev xa cov AD syringes tau nthuav dav nrog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kev txhim kho, xws li qhov loj loj tsis ntev los no ntawm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv Pfizer xav tau qhov tshwj xeeb tsawg-tuag-qhov chaw 0.3-mL AD syringe, uas tsis tau tsim ua ntej. Qhov ntau thiab tsawg ntawm cov koob txhaj tshuaj hloov cov kab ntau lawm los ntawm kev tsim cov qauv AD syringes thiab ntxiv rau cov teeb meem ntawm kev sib piv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv nrog qhov loj me ntawm cov koob txhaj tshuaj ntawm qhov chaw txhaj tshuaj.

Muaj peev xwm sib txawv-sau cov txheej txheem txhawm rau txhawm rau nkag mus, txo qis qeeb, txhim kho kev nyab xeeb, thiab tsim kom muaj kev ruaj ntseg muaj xws li:

• Nthuav lub peev xwm tsim khoom los ntawm kev nqis peev zoo thiab kev txhawb siab los tsim kom muaj kev ruaj khov thiab txo kev xa khoom qeeb: Cov neeg pub dawb, cov tub ua lag luam, thiab tsoomfwv tuaj yeem kos cov cuab yeej siv los txhawb cov neeg muab tshuaj tiv thaiv, suav nrog cov nyiaj pab, tsis muaj lossis qiv nyiaj qis, thiab cov nyiaj lav ntau rau offset qee qhov kev pheej hmoo rau cov neeg xa khoom. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb tshwj xeeb tshaj yog kom nthuav dav cov koob txhaj tshuaj hauv zos hauv teb chaws Africa thiab Latin America, qhov twg muaj cov khoom siv tsawg thiab cov sij hawm xa mus ntev rau kev xa khoom txawv teb chaws.

• Rov ntsuam xyuas cov xwm txheej siv: Txog thaum AD syringe shortage daws tau, cov teb chaws tuaj yeem siv lwm hom tshuaj tiv thaiv kev nyab xeeb tuaj yeem pab txuag AD syringe muab rau cov teb chaws uas muaj kev txwv kev noj qab haus huv.

• Txhim kho cov koob tshuaj tiv thaiv tus qauv: Yog tias cov chaw tsim tshuaj tiv thaiv yuav tsim cov tshuaj tiv thaiv COVID-19 tshiab, cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob, thiab cov tshuaj tiv thaiv menyuam yaus kom phim cov koob txhaj tshuaj AD uas twb muaj lawm, nws yuav ua kom yooj yim rau kev thauj mus los, kev tsim khoom, thiab kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob.

• Zam kev txwv tsis pub xa tawm hauv lub tebchaws uas txwv cov khoom siv ntxiv: Cov teb chaws uas muaj peev xwm tsim cov koob txhaj tshuaj tuaj yeem pab daws cov khoom lag luam thoob ntiaj teb kom ua tau raws li 70 feem pua ​​​​cov phiaj xwm txhaj tshuaj.

PATH yuav txuas ntxiv saib xyuas kev ua lag luam, nrog kev cia siab tias yuav hloov kho cov ntaub ntawv hauv 2022 yog tias muaj kev hloov pauv tseem ceeb. Yav dhau los PATH qauv tso tawm thaum Lub Kaum Ob Hlis 2020 tau txheeb xyuas qhov kev pheej hmoo tseem ceeb, suav nrog kev thov tsis paub meej nrog rau lub sijhawm, kev xa khoom thauj khoom, thiab kev txwv tsis pub khoom thauj khoom.

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Editor in Chief yog Linda Hohnholz.

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