Kev tshawb fawb Harvard: Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv COVID-19 'kev mob tshwm sim' nyob hauv koj lub siab

Kev tshawb fawb Harvard: Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv COVID-19 'kev mob tshwm sim' nyob hauv koj lub siab
Kev tshawb fawb Harvard: Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv COVID-19 'kev mob tshwm sim' nyob hauv koj lub siab
Lub xeem tshiab:

Tom qab tshuaj xyuas cov lus ceeb toom ntawm ntau dua 45,000 tus neeg koom nrog kev sim tshuaj, Harvard Tsev Kawm Ntawv Kho Mob cov kws tshawb fawb tau hais tias feem ntau ntawm cov Tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob covid-19 'kev mob tshwm sim' uas tib neeg thov kom muaj tom qab jab, tshwm sim los ntawm tib neeg kev cia siab thiab tsis yog los ntawm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv.

Coob leej ntau tus txhawj xeeb heev Tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob covid-19 'kev mob tshwm sim' lawv yeej hnov ​​​​lawv txawm tias lawv tau txais cov placebo, kev tshawb fawb tshiab qhia.

Ntau yam kev mob tshwm sim, xws li mob taub hau, nkees, thiab mob pob qij txha tau tshaj tawm nyob rau hauv ob qho tib si ntawm pawg tshawb fawb: los ntawm cov neeg tau txais ntau yam tshuaj tiv thaiv COVID-19, thiab los ntawm cov neeg uas tsis paub txog qhov tau txais cov placebo. 

Tom qab txheeb xyuas cov ntawv ceeb toom, cov kws tshawb fawb los ntawm Boston-based Beth Israel Deaconess Lub Chaw Kho Mob tuaj txog qhov xaus tias qhov kev hu ua 'nocebo effect' - qhov tsis txaus siab tshwm sim los ntawm kev ntxhov siab lossis kev cia siab tsis zoo - suav txog peb lub hlis twg ntawm tag nrho cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob tshwm sim.

Daim ntawv tshaj tawm, uas tau luam tawm nyob rau hauv JAMA Network Open journal, hais tias 35% ntawm cov neeg tau txais placebo qhia cov kev mob tshwm sim tom qab thawj koob tshuaj thiab 32% tom qab thib ob. Qhov tseem ceeb tshaj "cov xwm txheej tsis zoo" (AEs) tau tshaj tawm hauv pawg tshuaj tiv thaiv, tab sis yog li hu ua "nocebo cov lus teb" suav rau "76% ntawm cov kab mob AEs tom qab thawj zaug. Tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob covid-19 koob tshuaj thiab 52% tom qab koob thib ob. "

Cov kws tshawb fawb tau sau tseg tias, txawm hais tias cov laj thawj ntawm kev tsis txaus siab rau kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv yog "ntau thiab nyuaj," kev txhawj xeeb txog cov kev mob tshwm sim los ntawm cov Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob covid-19 "zoo li yog qhov tseem ceeb" thiab "cov phiaj xwm txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv pej xeem yuav tsum xav txog cov lus teb nocebo siab."

Ib tug ntawm cov Harvard Tsev Kawm Ntawv Kho Mob cov kws tshaj lij koom nrog hauv kev tshawb fawb, piav qhia txog kev tshawb fawb tom qab "nocebo effect," taw qhia tias "cov tsos mob tsis tshwj xeeb," xws li mob taub hau thiab qaug zog, tau teev nyob rau hauv ntau phau ntawv qhia raws li cov kev mob tshwm sim ntawm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv COVID-19.

"Cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj qhia tias cov ntaub ntawv zoo li no tuaj yeem ua rau tib neeg tsis txaus siab rau cov kev xav niaj hnub niaj hnub uas tshwm sim los ntawm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv lossis ua rau muaj kev ntxhov siab thiab kev txhawj xeeb uas ua rau tib neeg muaj kev ceeb toom rau lub cev xav txog cov xwm txheej tsis zoo," nws hais.

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